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Title Effect of filler synergy and cast film extrusion parameters on extrudability and direction-dependent conductivity of PVDF/carbon nanotube/carbon black composites
Date 15.12.2020
Number 58986
Abstract In the present study, melt-mixed composites based of poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and fillers with different aspect ratios (carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon black (CB)) and their mixtures in composites were investigated whereby compression-molded plates were compared with melt-extruded films. The processing-related orientation of CNTs with a high aspect ratio leads to direction-dependent electrical and mechanical properties, which can be reduced by using mixed filler systems with the low aspect ratio CB. An upscaling of melt mixing from small scale to laboratory scale was carried out. From extruded materials, films were prepared down to a thickness of 50 µm by cast film extrusion under variation of the processing parameters. By combining CB and CNTs in PVDF, especially the electrical conductivity through the film could be increased compared to PVDF/CNT composites due to additional contact points in the sample thickness. The alignment of the fillers in the two directions within the films was deduced from the differences in electrical and mechanical film properties, which showed higher values in the extrusion direction than perpendicular to it
URL https://doi.org/10.3390/POLYM12122992
Publisher Polymers
Identifier
Citation Polymers 12 (2020) 2992
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/POLYM12122992
Authors Krause, B. ; Kunz, K. ; Kretzschmar, B. ; Kühnert, I. ; Pötschke, P.
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