Authors Roehlecke, C. ; Kuhnt, A.-K. ; Fehrenbach, H. ; Werner, C. ; Funk, R.H.W. ; Kasper, M.
Title Resistance of L132 lung cell clusters to glyoxal-induced apoptosis
Date 15.11.2000
Number 9597
Abstract Glyoxal is a highly reactive glycating agent involved in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and known to induce apoptosis. AGE-mediated apoptosis may be an important mechanism of alveolar epithelial remodelling in pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxic effect of glyoxal on the fetal human epithelial lung cell line L132 under serum-free conditions. This type of culture, which forces the cells to grow as spheroids, also excludes effects of preformed AGEs by the reaction of glyoxal with fetal calf serum proteins. Our results showed that in cells treated with 200 µM glyoxal, the intercellular contacts in spheroids were disrupted, i.e. cells became totally dissociated. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed a dose-dependent accumulation of the AGE product )N-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) in cells detached from cell clusters. The loss of cell attachment was associated with decreased expression of #1-integrins and CD44 as revealed by laser scanning cytometry (LSC). Increasing concentrations of glyoxal induced an increase in the number of apoptotic cells which were identified by the immunoreactivity for active caspase-3. Remaining cell clusters showed resistance to both CML formation and apoptosis. The present findings demonstrate that cells treated with glyoxal undergo possibly anoikis, a specific mode of apoptosis caused by loss of cell adhesion.
Publisher Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Citation Histochemistry and Cell Biology 114 (2000) 283-292

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