Authors Gögele, C. ; Vogt, J. ; Hahn, J. ; Breier, A. ; Bernhardt, R. ; Meyer, M. ; Schröpfer, M. ; Schäfer-Eckart, K. ; Schulze-Tanzil, G.
Title Co-culture of mesenchymal stem cells and ligamentocytes on triphasic embroidered poly(L-lactide-co-e-caprolactone) and polylactic acid scaffolds for anterior cruciate ligament enthesis tissue engineering
Date 04.04.2023
Number 61478
Abstract Successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions strive for a firm bone-ligament integration. With the aim to establish an enthesis-like construct, embroidered functionalized scaffolds were colonized with spheroids of osteogenically differentiated human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and lapine (l) ACL fibroblasts in this study. These triphasic poly(L-lactide-co-e-caprolactone) and polylactic acid (P(LA-CL)/PLA) scaffolds with a bone-, a fibrocartilage transition- and a ligament zone were colonized with spheroids directly after assembly (DC) or with 14-day pre-cultured lACL fibroblast and 14-day osteogenically differentiated hMSCs spheroids (=longer pre-cultivation, LC). The scaffolds with co-cultures were cultured for 14 days. Cell vitality, DNA and sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) contents were determined. The relative gene expressions of collagen types I and X, Mohawk, Tenascin C and runt-related protein (RUNX) 2 were analyzed. Compared to the lACL spheroids, those with hMSCs adhered more rapidly. Vimentin and collagen type I immunoreactivity were mainly detected in the hMSCs colonizing the bone zone. The DNA content was higher in the DC than in LC whereas the sGAG content was higher in LC. The gene expression of ECM components and transcription factors depended on cell type and pre-culturing condition. Zonal colonization of triphasic scaffolds using spheroids is possible, offering a novel approach for enthesis tissue engineering.
Publisher International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Citation International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24 (2023) 6714

Back to list