Authors Nguyen, T.-D. ; Schmidt, T. ; Meißner, T. ; Malanin, M. ; Uhlig, K. ; Schlenstedt, K. ; Schwarz, S. ; Stommel, M. ; Voit, B. ; Gedan-Smolka, M.
Title Chemically bonded PA-PTFE-oil compounds by reactive processing: Chemical, thermal, morphological, and mechanical analysis
Date 10.12.2022
Abstract In this research, the novel materials based on polyamide (PA), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and olefinic oil molecules are produced as a solid lubricant in metal-plastic sliding contacts or sacrificial elements in metal–metal sliding contacts. For these applications, high durability of the compound material combined with low wear is required for long-term use under high friction and mechanical loads. Earlier studies of IPF have shown that chemical bonding between the polymer matrix and the solid lubricant is mandatory to meet these requirements. For this purpose, the compounds are fabricated by a novel two-step reactive processing procedure based on radiation-modified PTFE, which exhibits reactive-functional groups (COOH) and persistent perfluoroalkyl-(peroxy)-radicals (COO·). The PA-PTFE-oil-cb compound materials (cb: chemically bonded) are analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) concerning breaking down behavior and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy with regards to the chemical covalent bonding state between the three components. Results of scanning electron microscopy investigations in correlation with DSC show that chemical bonding between PA and PTFE-oil-cb leads to a homogeneous distribution of solid lubricant particles in the three various PA matrices. Due to the chemical coupling, the compounds offer almost comparable or improved mechanical properties in the case of toughness compared to non-modified PA.
Journal Journal of Applied Polymer Science 139 (2022) e53012

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