Authors Kriwet, A. ; Stommel, M.
Title The Impact of Fiber Orientation on Structural Dynamics of Short-Fiber Reinforced, Thermoplastic Components—A Comparison of Simulative and Experimental Investigations
Date 01.04.2022
Number 60327
Abstract The quality of the fiber orientation of injection molding simulations and the transferred fiber orientation content, due to the process–structure coupling, influence the material modeling and thus the prediction of subsequently performed structural dynamics simulations of short-fiber reinforced, thermoplastic components. Existing investigations assume a reliable prediction of the fiber orientation in the injection molding simulation. The influence of the fiber orientation models and used boundary conditions of the process–structure coupling is mainly not investigated. In this research, the influence of the fiber orientation from injection molding simulations on the resulting structural dynamics simulation of short-fiber reinforced thermoplastic components is investigated. The Advani–Tucker Equation with phenomenological coefficient tensor is used in a 3- and 2.5-dimensional modeling approach for calculating the fiber orientation. The prediction quality of the simulative fiber orientations is evaluated in comparison to experiments. Depending on the material modeling and validation level, the prediction of the simulated fiber orientation differs in the range between 7.3 and 347.2% averaged deviation significantly. Furthermore, depending on the process–structure coupling and the number of layers over the thickness of the model, the Kullback–Leibner divergence differs in a range between 0.1 and 4.9%. In this context, more layers lead to higher fiber orientation content in the model and improved prediction of the structural dynamics simulation. This is significant for local and slightly for global structural dynamics phenomena regarding the mode shapes and frequency response behavior of simulative and experimental investigations. The investigations prove that the influence of the fiber orientation on the structural dynamics simulation is lower than the influence of the material modeling. With a relative average deviation of 2.8% in the frequency and 38.0% in the amplitude of the frequency response function, it can be proven that high deviations between experimental and simulative fiber orientations can lead to a sufficient prediction of the structural dynamics simulation
Publisher Journal of Composites Science
Citation Journal of Composites Science 6 (2022) 106

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