Authors Kaßner, L. ; Zhu, X. ; Schaefer, K. ; Chen, Z. ; Möller, M. ; Uhlig, T. ; Simon, F. ; Dentel, D. ; Tegenkamp, C. ; Spange, St. ; Mehring, M.
Title Textile functionalization by combination of twin polymerization and polyalkoxysiloxane-based sol-gel chemistry
Date 10.07.2022
Number 60321
Abstract The surface modification of textile fibers by coating with nanostructured organic–inorganic hybrid materials is presented. The hydrophobic, solvent resistant and mechanically robust coatings were produced by combining the twin monomer 2,2´-spirobi[benzo-4H-1,3,2-dioxasiline] (TM) and polyalkoxysiloxanes (silica precursor polymers) in a catalyzed polymerization process. For the application in textile finishing, both aqueous emulsions and ethanolic solutions of mixtures were developed. The precisely adjusted ratio of TM and polyalkoxysiloxanes enabled controlling of the organic and inorganic portions in the hybrid layer. The polymerization process can be advantageously combined with the ring-opening polymerization of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (HMCTS). The resulting ethanolic twin prepolymer solutions and the polyethoxysiloxane emulsions were easy to handle and thus represent a novel and attractive binder for PET surfaces. The coated fabrics were analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showing hybrid material formation as a homogeneous, sealed surface layer. Improved hydrophobicity as well as resistance to mechanical stress was proven by water droplet- and Martindale tests.
Publisher Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Citation Journal of Applied Polymer Science 139 (2022) e52448

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