Authors Lilli, M. ; Sbardella, F. ; Bavasso, I. ; Bracciale, M.P. ; Scheffler, C. ; Rivilla, I. ; Tirilló, J. ; Xin, W. ; De Rosa, I.M. ; Sarasini, F.
Title Tailoring the interfacial strength of basalt fibres/epoxy composite with ZnO-nanorods
Date 03.08.2021
Number 58800
Abstract The presence of a secondary phase between the fibres and the matrix has proved to be a good approach for interphase tailoring for enhanced load transfer. In this regard, an optimization of the low-temperature hydrothermal growth process of ZnO-nanorods on different basalt substrates as a function of different growth times was performed. Scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the best results in terms of homogeneity and uniformity of the ZnO nanostructures for the longest growth time, i.e., 5 h for basalt fabrics and 120 minutes for single basalt fibres. The presence of ZnO nanostructures induced a hydrophobic behaviour with contact angles up to 116° for 4- and 5-h growth processes. Fibre/matrix adhesion was characterized by single fibre pull-out tests, showing a 16% increase in interfacial strength. ZnOs added also photocatalytic properties to basalt fibres, enabling a selective removal of organic pollutant equal to 37%.
Publisher Composite Interfaces
Wikidata Q108940234
Citation Composite Interfaces 28 (2021) 771-793

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