Authors Gevers, B. R. ; Naseem, S. ; Leuteritz, A. ; Labuschagne, F.J.W.
Title Comparison of nano-structured transition metal modified tri-metal MgMAl-LDHs (M = Fe, Zn, Cu, Ni, Co) prepared using co-precipitation
Date 09.09.2019
Number 58103
Abstract Comparison of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) synthesised using different methods, conditions and post-treatment is difficult to achieve because these greatly modify their material properties. This paper aims to provide a comparison of material properties for modified quintinite, where all LDHs were synthesised at the same conditions – thus allowing for direct comparison of the material properties obtained. Nano-structured materials were formed in all cases. The nano-structured transition metal (TM) MgMAl–LDHs were synthesised using constant pH co-precipitation. Five TMs (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) were included in the LDH layers with molar substitutions of 0.5%, 1%, 5%, 10%, and 25% based on Mg-replacement for divalent TM cations and Al-replacement for trivalent TM cations. The materials were characterised using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared analysis (ATR-FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and particle size analysis (PSA). The modified LDHs were synthesised free of major by-products and with similar morphologies. It could be shown that the crystallite dimensions varied between the different TM substitutions, that morphological changes were visible for some of the TMs used, that the processability depended on the TMs substituted, and that the substitution of TMs influenced the thermal stability of the LDHs.
Publisher RSC Advances
Citation RSC Advances 9 (2019) 28262-28275

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