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Title Enhanced growth of lapine anterior cruciate ligament-derived fibroblasts on scaffolds embroidered from poly(l-lactide-co-e-caprolactone) and polylactic acid threads functionalized by fluorination and hexamethylene Diisocyanate Cross-Linked Collagen Foams
Date 10.02.2020
Number 58245
Abstract Reconstruction of ruptured anterior cruciate ligaments (ACLs) is limited by the availability and donor site morbidity of autografts. Hence, a tissue engineered graft could present an alternative in the future. This study was undertaken to determine the performance of lapine (L) ACL-derived fibroblasts on embroidered poly(l-lactide-co-e-caprolactone) (P(LA-CL)) and polylactic acid (PLA) scaffolds in regard to a tissue engineering approach for ACL reconstruction. Surface modifications of P(LA-CL)/PLA by gas-phase fluorination and cross-linking of a collagen foam using either ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) or hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDI) were tested regarding their influence on cell adhesion, growth and gene expression. The experiments were performed using embroidered P(LA-CL)/PLA scaffolds that were seeded dynamically or statically with LACL-derived fibroblasts. Scaffold cytocompatibility, cell survival, numbers, metabolic activity, ultrastructure and sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) synthesis were evaluated. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QPCR) revealed gene expression of collagen type I (COL1A1), decorin (DCN), tenascin C (TNC), Mohawk (MKX) and tenomodulin (TNMD). All tested scaffolds were highly cytocompatible. A significantly higher cellularity and larger scaffold surface areas colonized by cells were detected in HMDI cross-linked and fluorinated scaffolds compared to those cross-linked with EDC or without any functionalization. By contrast, sGAG synthesis was higher in controls. Despite the fact that the significance level was not reached, gene expressions of ligament extracellular matrix components and differentiation markers were generally higher in fluorinated scaffolds with cross-linked collagen foams. LACL-derived fibroblasts maintained their differentiated phenotype on fluorinated scaffolds supplemented with a HMDI cross-linked collagen foam, making them a promising tool for ACL tissue engineering.
URL https://doi.org/10.3390/IJMS21031132
Publisher International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Identifier
Citation International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21 (2020) 1132
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/IJMS21031132
Authors Gögele, C. ; Hahn, J. ; Elschner, C. ; Breier, A. ; Schröpfer, M. ; Prade, I. ; Meyer, M. ; Schulze-Tanzil, G.
Tags ligament tissue engineering acl embroidered scaffold polylactic acid (pla) poly(l-lactide-co-e-caprolactone (p(la-cl)) fluorine cross-linked collagen foam

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