Title Fabrication and properties of thermoplastic starch/montmorillonite composite using dialdehyde starch as a crosslinker
Date 01.03.2020
Number 58215
Abstract The poor mechanical properties and high water solubility of biodegradable thermoplastic starch (TPS) represent the main disadvantages of TPS in many applications. In this work, TPS film was prepared from a water solution of corn starch modified by 5 wt% dialdehyde starch (DAS) as crosslinking agent and 3 wt% montmorillonite (MMT) as reinforcing additive. Interactions occurring in the TPS films were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, XRD, DSC, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) and TGA. The results obtained fom FTIR spectroscopy and DSC suggest the formation of hydrogen bond interactions between the hydroxyl group of starch, DAS, the MMT layers and glycerol. DMTA indicated that the relaxation of films with DAS and MMT appears in a higher and broader temperature range due to the starch backbone stiffness; the extreme increase in the storage modulus confirmed the suggested interactions. The determination of the weight loss of the films in water indicated a significant increase of the water resistance of TPS due to incorporation of DAS and MMT. Changes in mechanical properties of the films containing DAS and clay were determined, showing a substantial increase in tensile strength from 2.7 to 6.7 MPa, while Youngs modulus increased by 15 times for TPS modified with 5% DAS and 3% MMT. Therefore, the outcomes of this study confirmed that DAS is a suitable biomacromolecule crosslinker for starch and can significantly enhance TPS and TPS/MMT properties. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry
Publisher Polymer International
Citation Polymer International 69 (2020) 317-327
Authors Peidayesh, H. ; Ahmadi, Z. ; Khonakdar, H. A. ; Chodak, I.

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