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Title Enhanced properties of poly(lactic acid) by concurrent addition of organo-modified Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) and triethyl citrate
Date 09.09.2019
Number 57107
Abstract Synergistic effects of organo-modified Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) and triethyl citrate (TEC) on the properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were demonstrated. PLA/LDH nanocomposites in the absence and presence of TEC were fabricated via solution casting technique. Morphological analysis revealed that as the LDH concentration increases, the number of aggregations is also increased; however, introduction of TEC considerably enhanced the dispersion quality of LDHs. Differential scanning calorimetry results showed that the addition of LDH and TEC had no significant influence on the crystallinity of nanocomposites obtained from solution casting. In contrast, once the samples were cooled from melt, the concurrent use of LDH and TEC led to a dramatic enhancement in the crystallinity of PLA (X c = 55.5%). Moreover, the LDH nanoparticles counterbalanced the adverse effects of plasticization by TEC leading to enhanced toughness of the final nanocomposites. LDH had also a positive influence on thermal stability of PLA, indicating the heat-insulating role of LDH particles. In conclusion, the concurrent use of LDH and TEC could extend the applicability of PLA especially in food packaging applications.
URL https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0892705719868272
Publisher Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Identifier
Citation Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials (2019) Online first
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0892705719868272
Authors Monshizadeh, M. ; Seifi, S. ; Seyfi, J. ; Khonakdar, H. A.
Tags poly(lactic acid) layered double hydroxide crystallization nanocomposite

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