Authors Liu, Y. ; Nell, B. ; Ortstein, K. ; Wu, Z.B. ; Karpov, Y. ; Beryozkina, T. ; Lenk, S. ; Kiriy, A. ; Leo, K. ; Reineke, S.
Title High electron affinity molecular dopant CN6-CP for efficient organic light-emitting diodes
Date 27.02.2019
Number 56559
Abstract p-Type molecular doping of organic materials with high ionization energies (IEs) of above 5.50 eV is still a challenge, limiting the use of doping in high-performance organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Here, we investigate the molecular dopant hexacyano-trimethylene-cyclopropane (CN6-CP) with a high electron affinity of 5.87 eV as p-dopant in OLEDs. We show that CN6-CP can be used not only as a dopant in the traditional hole transport material 4,4´-cyclohexylidenebis[N,N-bis(4-methylphenyl)benzenamine] (TAPC, IE = 5.50 eV) but also effectively dopes the host material tris(4-carbazoyl-9-ylphenyl)amine (TCTA, IE = 5.85 eV), reaching a conductivity of 1.86 × 10–4 S/cm at a molar ratio of 0.25. Using CN6-CP-doped TAPC as hole injection and transport layer, we achieve a low driving voltage of 2.92 V at the practical brightness of 1000 cd/m2 and 3.18 V at a current density of 10 mA/cm2 for a green phosphorescent OLED based on bis[2-(2-pyridinyl-N)phenyl-C](acetylacetonato)iridium(III) (Ir(ppy)2(acac)), together with a maximum external quantum efficiency of 18% and a luminous efficacy of 78 lm/W. The device also exhibits a very low efficiency roll-off at high luminance. Further, by directly adopting CN6-CP-doped TCTA as the injection/transport layer, the driving voltage drops to 2.78 V at 1000 cd/m2 and 2.93 V at 10 mA/cm2. Moreover, conductivity and absorption measurements suggest that CN6-CP could also dope CBP with an IE as high as 6.05 eV. The results show that CN6-CP is an excellent p-type dopant for efficient OLEDs and possesses great potential for future application in organic optoelectronic devices.
Publisher ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Citation ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 11 (2019) 11660-11666

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