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Title Impact of synthesis temperature on morphology, rheology and electromagnetic interference shielding of CVD-grown carbon nanotube/ polyvinylidene fluoride nanocomposites
Date 01.08.2017
Number 49782
Abstract Employing chemical vapor deposition technique, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were synthesized over Fe catalyst at a broad range of temperatures, i.e. 550° C to 950° C (at 100° C intervals). CNTs were melt-mixed into a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) matrix at various loadings, and then compression molded. Surprisingly, despite the ascending trend of CNT powder conductivity with the synthesis temperature, the nanocomposites made with CNT synthesized at 650° C had significantly lower percolation threshold (around 0.4 wt%) and higher electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) (20.3 dB over the X-band for 3.5 wt% CNT and 1.1 mm thickness) than the other temperatures. Exhaustive characterization studies were conducted on both CNTs and composites to unveil their morphological and electrical characteristics. Superior EMI shielding of CNT650° C was attributed to a combination of high carbon purity, aspect ratio, crystallinity, and moderate powder conductivity along with decent state of dispersion within the PVDF matrix.
URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2017.06.003
Publisher Synthetic Metals
Identifier 0
Citation Synthetic Metals 230 (2017) 39-50
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2017.06.003
Authors Mirkhani, S. A. ; Arjmand, M. ; Sadeghi, S. ; Krause, B. ; Pötschke, P. ; Sundararaj, U.
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