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Title Exfoliation behavior of Montmorillonite modified by poly(oxyalkylene)s on polypropylene and the properties of the resulting nanocomposites
Date 08.08.2007
Number 14291
Abstract The exfoliation behavior of montmorillonites modified with poly(oxyalkylene)s (POAs) in polypropylene (PP) as polymer matrix was examined to evaluate their use for minimization of interfacial tension in the system, as well as to explore the possibility to use the POA intercalation in clay layers to improve the electrical conductivity of polymers moderately. The results were compared with those of PP nanocomposites (NC's) containing conventional alkylammonium modified clays using FTIR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, small-angle X-ray scattering, and transmission electron microscopy. Additionally the exfoliation process without shear stress was followed by time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering measurements of premixed samples at 200°C. PP NC's with an inorganic content of 5 wt% were prepared by melt compounding using a batch process combining a cokneader and a twin screw extruder, and the mechanical properties of injection molded samples were evaluated. The mechanical testing of the NC's reflected the influence of the structure and molecular weight of the polymeric modifiers. Furthermore, the influence of clay, clay modification, and polymer on the electrical conductivity of the samples were systematically examined and improvements compared to PP could be achieved. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 47:1262-1271, 2007. © 2007 Society of Plastics Engineers
Publisher Polymer Engineering and Science
Identifier 2
Citation Polymer Engineering and Science 47 (2007) 1262-1271
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.20761
Authors Pospiech, D. ; Kretzschmar, B. ; Willeke, M. ; Leuteritz, A. ; Jehnichen, D. ; Janke, A. ; Omastová, M.
Tags layered silicate nanocomposites contact-angle measurements electrolyte nanocomposites poly(ethylene oxide) clay intercalation hybrids

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