Authors Sztandera, K. ; Gorzkiewicz, M. ; Wang, X. ; Boye, S. ; Appelhans, D. ; Klajnert-Maculewicz, B.
Title pH-stable polymersome as nanocarrier for post-loaded rose bengal in photodynamic therapy
Date 01.09.2022
Number 60826
Abstract Photodynamic therapy is one of the best alternatives to chemo-, radio- or surgical therapy, as it is noninvasive and causes no severe side effects. The mechanism of photodynamic therapy involves activation of the drug (photosensitizer) with light of appropriate wavelength, which combined with molecular oxygen, leads to production of reactive oxygen species. This starts a cascade of reactions leading to cell death. Thus, the efficiency of this therapy is based mainly on the properties of a photosensitizer, including singlet oxygen yield and accumulation in the tumor area. Current research is aimed at applying nanosystems for the improvement of availability and photodynamic properties of photosensitizers. In order to improve the activity and increase photodynamic potential of rose bengal, one of the most promising drugs in anticancer photodynamic therapy, several drug delivery systems were developed. Among them, polymersomes represent a group of innovative polymeric vesicles mimicking membranous cell structures. Polymersomes are nanosystems made of amphiphilic block copolymers, possessing a spherical, liposome-like architecture. Within this study we present biophysical and in vitro biological characterization of this novel pH-stable nanosystem, which due to the improvement of singlet oxygen and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by rose bengal is a good candidate for nanocarrier in photodynamic therapy.
Publisher Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Citation Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 217 (2022) 112662

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