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Authors Branda, F. ; Bifulco, A. ; Jehnichen, D. ; Parida, D. ; Pauer, R. ; Passaro, J. ; Gaan, S. ; Pospiech, D. ; Durante, M.
Title Structure and bottom-up formation mechanism of multisheet silica-based nanoparticles formed in an epoxy matrix through an in situ process
Date 22.11.2021
Number 59583
Abstract Organic/inorganic hybrid composite materials with the dispersed phases in sizes down to a few tens of nanometers raised very great interest. In this paper, it is shown that silica/epoxy nanocomposites with a silica content of 6 wt % may be obtained with an “in situ” sol–gel procedure starting from two precursors: tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APTES). APTES also played the role of a coupling agent. The use of advanced techniques (bright-field high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, HRTEM, and combined small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) performed by means of a multirange device Ganesha 300 XL+) allowed us to evidence a multisheet structure of the nanoparticles instead of the gel one typically obtained through a sol–gel route. A mechanism combining in a new manner well-assessed knowledge regarding sol–gel chemistry, emulsion formation, and Ostwald ripening allowed us to give an explanation for the formation of the observed lamellar nanoparticles.
Journal Langmuir
Wikidata Q109672287
Citation Langmuir 37 (2021) 8886-8893
DOI https://doi.org/10.1021/ACS.LANGMUIR.1C01363

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