Authors Chen, J. ; Dai, S. ; Liu, L. ; Maitz, M.F. ; Liao, Y. ; Cui, J. ; Zhao, A. S. ; Yang, P. ; Huang, N. ; Wang, Y.
Title Photo-functionalized TiO2 nanotubes decorated with multifunctional Ag nanoparticles for enhanced vascular biocompatibility
Date 12.08.2020
Number 58797
Abstract Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has a long history of application in blood contact materials, but it often suffers from insufficient anticoagulant properties. Recently, we have revealed the photocatalytic effect of TiO2 also induces anticoagulant properties. However, for long-term vascular implant devices such as vascular stents, besides anticoagulation, also anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperplastic properties, and the ability to support endothelial repair, are desired. To meet these requirements, here, we immobilized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the surface of TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2-NTs) to obtain a composite material with enhanced photo-induced anticoagulant property and improvement of the other requested properties. The photo-functionalized TiO2-NTs showed protein-fouling resistance, causing the anticoagulant property and the ability to suppress cell adhesion. The immobilized AgNPs increased the photocatalytic activity of TiO2-NTs to enhances its photo-induced anticoagulant property. The AgNP density was optimized to endow the TiO2-NTs with anti-inflammatory property, a strong inhibitory effect on smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and low toxicity to endothelial cells (ECs). The in vivo test indicated that the photofunctionalized composite material achieved outstanding biocompatibility in vasculature via the synergy of photo-functionalized TiO2-NTs and the multifunctional AgNPs, and therefore has enormous potential in the field of cardiovascular implant devices. Our research could be a useful reference for further designing of multifunctional TiO2 materials with high vascular biocompatibility.
Publisher Bioactive Materials
Citation Bioactive Materials 6 (2020) 45-54

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