Authors Stribeck, N. ; Schneider, K. ; Eling, B. ; Pöselt, E.
Title Short–Term Morphology Relaxation of Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers after Fast Strain Steps
Date 02.09.2020
Abstract Strain steps are applied to elastomers in a pneumatic relaxometer and monitored by small–angle X–ray scattering (SAXS). The relaxometer provides a rise time of 13 ms for strain pulses of step height ·e = ±1 in strain. The basic character of the 2D SAXS frames is examined and corresponding invariants Q(t) are analyzed. Three thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU) of hardness 85 Shore A with different soft segments are studied both unannealed and annealed. The first response of all materials is a fast morphology conversion which finishes within tmc =250 ms. Because it has been untraceable, it is characterized by a settling stroke Q(tmc) - Q(0). The second response is a slow morphology adjustment process which complies with logarithmic relaxation. It is characterized by a relaxation rate DQ = Q(10·t)/Q(t) - 1. Comparison indicates that the nanoscopic morphology relaxation processes appear to have little direct relation to the macroscopic stress relaxation curves. The materials differ with respect to hard–domain morphology stability and morphology recovery. Most unstable is the morphology of the annealed polyether–based material. It forms nanofibrillary entities when strained.
Journal Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 305 (2020) 2000386

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