Authors Hahn, J. ; Schulze-Tanzil, G. ; Schröpfer, M. ; Meyer, M. ; Gögele, C. ; Hoyer, M. ; Spickenheuer, A. ; Heinrich, G. ; Breier, A.
Title Viscoelastic behavior of embroidered scaffolds for ACL tissue engineering made of PLA and P(LA-CL) after in vitro degradation
Date 23.09.2019
Number 57061
Abstract A rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most common knee ligament injury. Current applied reconstruction methods have limitations in terms of graft availability and mechanical properties. A new approach could be the use of a tissue engineering construct that temporarily reflects the mechanical properties of native ligament tissues and acts as a carrier structure for cell seeding. In this study, embroidered scaffolds composed of polylactic acid (PLA) and poly(lactic-co-e-caprolactone) (P(LA-CL)) threads were tested mechanically for their viscoelastic behavior under in vitro degradation. The relaxation behavior of both scaffold types (moco: mono-component scaffold made of PLA threads, bico: bi-component scaffold made of PLA and P(LA-CL) threads) was comparable to native lapine ACL. Most of the lapine ACL cells survived 32 days of cell culture and grew along the fibers. Cell vitality was comparable for moco and bico scaffolds. Lapine ACL cells were able to adhere to the polymer surfaces and spread along the threads throughout the scaffold. The mechanical behavior of degrading matrices with and without cells showed no significant differences. These results demonstrate the potential of embroidered scaffolds as an ACL tissue engineering approach.
Publisher International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Citation International Journal of Molecular Sciences 20 (2019) 4655
Tags anterior cruciate ligament viscoelastic behavior tissue engineering pla p(la-cl) embroidered scaffold ligamentocytes cytoskeleton

Back to list