Authors Adamczak, D. ; Komber, H. ; Illy, A. ; Scaccabarozzi, A.D. ; Caironi, M. ; Sommer, M.
Title Indacenodithiophene homopolymers via direct arylation: direct polycondensation versus polymer analogous reaction pathways
Date 19.09.2019
Number 56893
Abstract Indacenodithiophene (IDT)-based materials are emerging high-performance conjugated polymers for use in efficient organic photovoltaics and transistors. However, their preparation generally suffers from long reaction sequences and is often accomplished using disadvantageous Stille couplings. Herein, we present detailed synthesis pathways to IDT homopolymers using C–H activation for all C–C coupling steps. Polyketones are first prepared by direct arylation polycondensation (DAP) in quantitative yield and further cyclized polymer analogously. This protocol is suitable for obtaining structurally well-defined IDT homopolymers, provided that the conditions for cyclization are chosen appropriately and that side reactions are suppressed. Moreover, this polymer analogous pathway gives rise to asymmetric side-chain patterns, which allows one to fine-tune physical properties. Alternatively, IDT homopolymers can be obtained via oxidative direct arylation polycondensation of IDT monomers (oxDAP), leading to IDT homopolymers with similar properties but at reduced yield. Detailed characterization by NMR, IR, UV–vis, and PL spectroscopy, and thermal properties, is used to guide synthesis and to explain varying field-effect transistor hole mobilities in the range of 10–6–10–3 cm2/(V s).
Publisher Macromolecules
Citation Macromolecules 52 (2019) 7251-7259

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