Authors Andreozzi, E. ; Antonelli, A. ; Cangiotti, M. ; Canonico, B. ; Sfara, C. ; Pianetti, A. ; Bruscolini, F. ; Sahre, K. ; Appelhans, D. ; Papa, S. ; Ottaviani, M. F.
Title Interactions of Nitroxide-Conjugated and Non-Conjugated Glycodendrimers with Normal and Cancer Cells and Biocompatibility Studies
Date 09.01.2017
Number 52668
Abstract Poly(propyleneimine) glycodendrimers fully modified with maltose units were administered to different cancer cell lines and their effect on cell viability was evaluated by using MTS assay and flow cytometry. The mechanism of dendrimer–cell interactions was investigated by the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique by using a new nitroxide-conjugated glycodendrimer. The nitroxide groups did not modify both the biological properties (cell viability and apoptosis degree) of the dendrimers in the presence of the cells and the dendrimer–cell interactions. Since this class of dendrimers is already known to be biocompatible for human healthy cells, noncancer cells such as human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and macrophages were also treated with the glycodendrimer, and EPR spectra of the nitroxide-conjugated glycodendrimer were compared for cancer and noncancer cells. It was found that this dendrimer selectively affects the cell viability of tumor cells, while, surprisingly, PBMC proliferation is induced. Moreover, H-bond-active glycodendrimer–cell interactions were different for the different cancer cell lines and noncancer cells. The nitroxide-conjugated glycodendrimer was able to interact with the cell membrane and eventually cross it, getting in contact with cytosol antioxidants. This study helps to clarify the potential anticancer effect of this class of dendrimers opening to future applications of these macromolecules as new antitumor agents.
Publisher Bioconjugate Chemistry
Citation Bioconjugate Chemistry 28 (2017) 524-538

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