Authors Vaikuntam, S. R. ; Subramani Bhagavateshwaran, E. ; Stöckelhuber, K.W. ; Wießner, S. ; Heinrich, G. ; Das, A.
Title Development of high performance rubber composites from alkoxide-based silica and solution styrene-butadiene rubber
Date 08.11.2016
Number 52061
Abstract The solution SBR and silica-based composites are prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethylorthosilicate in the presence of an organic solution of SBR and n-butylamine as catalyst. Further addition of bis[3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl]tetrasulfide, a silane coupling agent, improves the performance and properties of the composites. All the results are compared with commercial precipitated silica at similar loading conditions. The generated silica particles from this alkoxide route resulted in lower Mooney viscosity of the compound and showed less filler flocculation compared with standard commercial precipitated silica in reference compounds. A detailed dynamic mechanical study also indicated that alkoxide silica in model tire compounds could offer a lower rolling resistance and a higher wet skid resistance compared to the reference. Other properties such as heat build-up, rebound resilience, and hysteresis loss were found to be very promising for alkoxide silica composites, too. The silica particles (aggregated) developed by the alkoxide method were relatively large (~150–200 nm) compared with the primary particles of precipitated commercial silica. The synthesis of sol–gel silica particles in presence of the polymer allowed for the trapping of some polymer molecules inside the filler aggregates and therefore offers exceptional mechanical reinforcement of the rubber.
Publisher Rubber Chemistry and Technology
Citation Rubber Chemistry and Technology 89 (2016) Article in press

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