Authors Basterra-Beroiz, B. ; Rommel, R. ; Kayser, F. ; Westermann, S. ; Valentin, J. l: ; Heinrich, G.
Title New insights into rubber network structure by a combination of experimental techniques
Date 01.04.2017
Number 51081
Abstract Robust quantitative cross-link density characterization becomes necessary for the complete understanding of the structure and optimization of final properties of rubber compounds for industrial applications. A combination of different experimental techniques have been used to establish the quantitative consistency on the correlations between the results obtained by the individual methods within a reliable unique (physically based) platform reclined on the concept of rubber elasticity that considers the impact of entanglements in technical rubbers. The contribution of cross-links and elastically active entanglements to mechanical properties has been quantified by the analysis of uniaxial stress–strain measurements by means of the extended tube model of rubber elasticity. In a complementary manner, rubber network structure has also been investigated by state-of-the-art multiple-quantum low-field NMR experiments and classical T1 and T2 relaxation measurements. In addition, equilibrium swelling data were analyzed by the classical phantom and Flory–Rehner limits as well as by applying the theoretical approach proposed by Helmis, Heinrich, and Straube that takes into account topological constraints during swelling. Correlations among these complementary techniques have been reported, and the interpretation of the obtained differences is addressed. The baseline study focuses on unfilled NR, setting the basis for the investigation of unfilled SBR matrices and filled rubbers.
Publisher Rubber Chemistry and Technology
Citation Rubber Chemistry and Technology 90 (2017) 347-366

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