Authors Ebadi-Dehaghani, H. ; Khonakdar, H. A. ; Barikani, M. ; Jafari, S.H. ; Wagenknecht, U. ; Heinrich, G.
Title On localization of clay nanoparticles in polypropylene/poly(lactic acid) blend nanocomposites: Correlation with mechanical properties
Date 09.02.2016
Abstract Two polypropylene (PP)/polylactide (PLA)/clay ternary nanocomposite systems, i.e. PP-rich and PLA-rich ones, each containing various amounts of one of two types of clay, were prepared by one step melt compounding in a twin screw extruder. The microstructures of the developed systems were correlated with tensile and impact properties. A theoretical calculation using wetting coefficients was used for predicting the clay nanoparticles localization in the blends. The nanoparticles were almost completely located within the PLA phase in both the PP-rich and PLA-rich systems, in good agreement with the predictions. Addition of a compatibilizer led to localization of the nanoparticles at the interfaces of the blends. From the wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) spectra it was concluded that the incorporation of clay led to intercalated structures in the both systems. The increase in impact toughness of the compatibilized blend nanocomposites, with respect to the uncompatibilized ones, was attributed to the weakened interfacial debonding in the presence of the interfacial-localized nanoparticles.
Journal Journal of Macromolecular Science Part B - Physics 55 (2016) 344-360

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