Authors Nagendra, B. ; Das, A. ; Leuteritz, A. ; Gowd, E. B.
Title Structure and crystallization behaviour of syndiotactic polystyrene/layered double hydroxide nanocomposites
Date 01.03.2016
Number 49283
Abstract Syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) based polymer nanocomposites have been prepared using surfactant-free layered double hydroxides (SF-LDHs) by a modified solvent mixing method with different loadings of 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 wt%. The nanocomposite preparation process involves a wash treatment of as-prepared SF-LDHs in an appropriate organic solvent followed by gel formation in a non-polar solvent. The gel was directly used to make highly dispersed polymer nanocomposites. The influence of highly dispersed SF-LDH platelets on the crystallization, polymorphism, thermal stability and flame retardancy of sPS was examined. It was shown that SF-LDHs significantly enhance the crystallization rate of sPS and favour the formation of the thermodynamically stable ß form along with the a form of sPS. Moreover, highly dispersed SF-LDHs decrease the heat release rate and total heat release of sPS indicating the enhancement of flame-retardant properties of sPS. In this way, it was found that the dispersed SF-LDH platelets act as a multifunctional nanofiller for sPS. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry
Publisher Polymer International
Citation Polymer International 65 (2016) 299-307
Tags layered double hydroxides nanocomposites syndiotactic polystyrene crystallization flame retardancy

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