Authors Raman, V. S. ; Das, A. ; Stöckelhuber, K.W. ; Subramani Bhagavateshwaran, E. ; Chanda, J. ; Malanin, M. ; Reuter, U. ; Leuteritz, A. ; Boldt, R. ; Wießner, S. ; Heinrich, G.
Title Improvement of mechanical performance of solution styrene butadiene rubber by controlling the concentration and the size of in-situ derived sol-gel silica particles
Date 21.03.2016
Number 48402
Abstract Incorporation of precipitated silica rubber compounds is now a standard technology in energy efficient green tire manufacturing process. In the present work silica nanoparticles were generated by an in situ sol–gel technique in solution styrene butadiene rubber (SSBR) using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as silica precursor. A full control over the amount of silica and size of the silica particles is realized while maintaining a good distribution and dispersion level of the nanosilica particles. In the present case the amount of synthesized silica were varied from 10–50 phr (parts per hundred) and the particles size was found to remain in the range of 200–300 nm. The in situ silica based rubber composites offer better processing characteristics as compared with standard commercial precipitated silica at the same loading level. The reinforcing character of in situ silica was further enhanced by the use of a silane coupling agent, i.e. bis[3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl]tetrasulfide (TESPT). Various instrumental techniques, such as tensile test, dynamic mechanical analysis and strain sweep analysis, abrasion test, rebound test and Mooney viscometry reveal superior mechanical performance and good processability of the in situ silica composites. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy studies indicate that the particle size distribution remains in the same range irrespective of the concentration of the silica particles.
Publisher RSC Advances
Citation RSC Advances 6 (2016) 33643-33655

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