Authors John, A. ; Nagel, J. ; Heinrich, G.
Title Monte-Carlo simulation of compatibilization by network-building and catalytic interface reactions in two-component injection molding
Date 31.01.2012
Abstract Adhesion of immiscible polymers during two-component injection molding can be improved by transreactions of properly functionalized molecules in situ by exploitation of the thermal energy of the melts. These reactions must provide a sufficient conversion of reactive monomers in the short cooling time down to the glass temperature. Furthermore, as much as possible interconnecting chemical links on the molecular level have to be created between the components within the small spatial region of the interdiffusion interface width. To investigate these processes, we performed Monte- Carlo (MC) simulations based on the three-dimensional coarse-grained Bond Fluctuation Model (BFM) including a thermal interaction potential in r = v6 with energy e = 0.1 kBT . We compared a simple Split type reaction, which is capable of network-forming, with a catalytic interface reactive process both exhibiting different values of activation energy. The main process of the catalytic reaction system is identical to the simple Split reaction as described in a previous paper, but now a reactive monomer creating process is prefixed. For the reacting systems different physical properties like consumption, radius of gyration, concentration profiles or the distribution of the degree of polymerization were calculated as a function of time. Additionally, several functions for the description of the adhesive strength on the molecular level were adopted and calculated depending on reaction type, activation energy and degree of consumption, respectively. From the results, those chemical reaction types were deduced, which should be most suitable for compatibilization intentions in two-component injection molding.
Journal The Open Macromolecules Journal 6 (2012) 1-18

Back to list