Authors Rajeshbabu, R. ; Naskar, K. ; Thakur, V. ; Gohs, U. ; Wagenknecht, U. ; Heinrich, G.
Title Preparation of polypropylene (PP) / ethylene octene copolymer (EOC) thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs) by electron induced reactive processing
Date 05.12.2011
Number 28444
Abstract Thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs) based on 50/50 composition of PP/EOC blend were prepared by electron induced reactive processing. To facilitate dynamic crosslinking in the PP/EOC blend, a 1.5 MeV electron accelerator was directly coupled to an internal mixer to induce chemical reactions via high energy electrons under dynamic conditions of melt mixing process. This kind of setup has been conceptualized for the first time in our laboratory and termed as electron induced reactive processing (EIReP) technique. Mechanical, morphological, and rheological properties of PP/EOC TPVs were studied with special reference to the exposure time (16–64 s) keeping absorbed dose (100 kGy) and electron energy (1.5 MeV) invariable. Chain scission dominates over chain crosslinking in both EOC as well as PP phases with the increase in exposure time. The primary factor is found to be the predominance of oxidative degradation during electron induced reactive processing in air atmosphere. The above observation was supported by Fourier Transform Infrared analyses and gel content values. Furthermore, it was found that mechanical properties depend not only on the extent of degradation in the blend system but also on the state and the mode of dispersion of the blend components.
Publisher Radiation Physics and Chemistry
Citation Radiation Physics and Chemistry 80 (2011) 1398-1405

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