Authors Das, A. ; Stöckelhuber, K.W. ; Wang, De-Yi ; Jurk, R. ; Fritzsche, J. ; Lorenz, H. ; Klüppel, M. ; Heinrich, G.
Title Rubber-clay nanocomposites: some recent results
Date 01.04.2011
Number 23783
Abstract In order to produce high-performance elastomeric materials, the incorporation of different types of nanoparticles such as layered silicates, layered double hydroxides (LDHs), carbon nanotubes, nanosilica, etc. into the elastomer matrix is now a growing area of rubber research. However, the reflection of the “nanoeffect” on the properties and performance can be realized only through a uniform and homogeneous dispersion of filler particles in the rubber matrix. Generally, the properties and the performance of a reinforced elastomeric composite predominantly depend on the crosslinking chemistry of the rubbers, the nature of the fillers, the physical and chemical interaction of the fillers with the rubber matrix and, especially, on the degree of filler dispersion in the rubber matrix. This article is therefore aimed exclusively at addressing the prevailing problems related to the filler dispersion, intercalation, and exfoliation of layered clays in various rubber matrices and compositions to produce advanced high-performance elastomeric nanocomposites. The effect of two chemically distinct layered nanofillers, namely montmorillonite and LDH, on the curing behavior, mechanical, thermo-mechanical, and dielectric properties, etc. are systematically discussed with respect to various elastomeric systems. Different attempts, such as melt interaction, master batch dilution techniques, and further chemical modification of the organoclay, have been taken into consideration and a major portion of this paper will be dedicated to these works.
Publisher Advances in Polymer Science
Citation Advances in Polymer Science 239 (2011) 85-166

Back to list