Authors Richter, S. ; Grenzer, M. ; Jehnichen, D. ; Bierdel, M. ; Heinrich, G.
Title Experimental and theoretical studies of agglomeration effects in multi-walled carbon nanotube-polycarbonate melts
Date 27.11.2009
Number 21866
Abstract In this study we report on morphological and rheological characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT)-polycarbonate composites produced by injection molding.<br />The main focus is to carry out nonlinear viscoelastic experiments that allow following the structural rearrangements of carbon nanotubes in the polycarbonate melt. Small angle X-ray scattering reveals only a slight orientation of MWNTs in the as-received samples, i.e. after application of extremely high shear rates. Thus, the main structural effect observed during the stress growth experiment is the breakage of MWNT agglomerates.<br />To study this effect in detail a flocculation experiment, in which the sample undergoes oscillatory deformation first at a small strain amplitude in the linear regime succeeded by higher amplitudes in the nonlinear regime, has been carried out.<br />The agglomeration process manifests itself in an increase of the storage and loss moduli in the linear regime, whereas the deagglomeration process does vice versa. The corresponding effects can be described in the frame of a superposition approach that takes into account the stress contribution of the polycarbonate matrix, the hydrodynamic reinforcement due to embedded nanotubes and the viscoelastic stress due to the presence of a MWNT-network.
Publisher eXPRESS Polymer Letters
Citation eXPRESS Polymer Letters 3 (2009) 753-768

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