Authors Hoffmann, T. ; Pospiech, D. ; Häußler, L. ; Sahre, K. ; Komber, H. ; Harnisch, C. ; Auf der Landwehr, M. ; Schäfer, A. ; Döring, M.
Title Phosphorus-containing polysulfones - a comparative study
Date 15.03.2010
Number 20722
Abstract A comparative study of the influence of 2-(10-oxo-10H-9-oxa-10{lambda}5-phosphaphenanthrene-10-yl)-benzene-1,4-diol (DOPO-HQ) and 2-(2,8-dimethyl-10-oxo-10H-10{lambda}5-phenoxaphosphine-10-yl)-benzene-1,4-diol (DPPO-HQ) on their ability to form polysulfones (PSU) with 4,4'-difluorodiphenylsulfone (DFDPS) as well as the properties of the aromatic phosphorus-containing polysulfones (P-PSU) is reported. These properties are also compared to bisphenol A-based polysulfone. Both diols have the phosphorus unit as substituent and differ in the number of oxygen atoms within the environment of the phosphorus changing from DOPO-HQ (phosphinate structure, Ar2OP(=O)) to DPPO-HQ (phosphine oxide structure, Ar3PO). The nucleophilic aromatic polycondensation was carried out successfully using both phosphorus-containing aromatic diols instead of bisphenol A and was followed by ATR-FTIR in-line monitoring. The use of DPPO-HQ decreased the number of side reactions and enhanced slightly the molecular weight. The thermal stability of DPPO-HQ-based PSU is slightly better than DOPO-HQ-based PSU. Thermal decomposition schemes for PSU and for both P-PSUs are proposed based on thermogravimetric analysis and Pyrolysis GC-MS results.
Publisher High Performance Polymers
Wikidata 1
Citation High Performance Polymers 22 (2010) 715-741
Tags phosphorus-containing polysulfones thermal decomposition flame retardancy dopo-hq dppo-hq retardant epoxy-resins flame-retardant behavior blends polymerization decomposition spectroscopy copolymers stability polymers

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