Authors Costa, F. R. ; Wagenknecht, U. ; Heinrich, G.
Title LDPE/Mg-Al layered double hydroxide nanocomposite: Thermal and flammability properties
Date 03.12.2007
Number 15217
Abstract Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are new nanofillers which exhibit improved thermal and flammability properties in various kinds of polymer matrices. These materials have certain advantages over conventional metal hydroxides and also layered silicates so far as the flame retardancy is concerned. In this article, flammability and thermal properties of the nanocomposite based on low density polyethylene (LDPE) and Mg–Al based layered double hydroxide (Mg–Al LDH) are reported in detail. The nanocomposites containing different LDH concentrations were prepared by melt-compounding using a tightly intermeshing co-rotating twin-screw extruder. The morphological analysis reveals an exfoliated/intercalated type LDH particle morphology in these nanocomposites. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) shows that even a small amount of LDH improves the thermal stability and onset decomposition temperature in comparison with the unfilled LDPE. The heat release rate (HRR) and its maximum (PHRR) during cone-calorimeter investigation are found to be reduced significantly with increasing LDH concentration. The nanocomposites not only exhibit reduced total heat released (measure of propensity to produce long duration fire), but also lower tendency to fast fire growth (measured by the ratio of PHRR and time of ignition). The limited oxygen index (LOI) and the dripping behavior are also improved with increasing LDH concentration.
Publisher Polymer Degradation and Stability
Citation Polymer Degradation and Stability 92 (2007) 1813-1823

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