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Golzar, M. ; Beyreuther, R. ; Brünig, H. ; Tändler, B. ; Vogel, R.
Online Temperature Measurement and Simultaneous Diameter Estimation of Fibres by Thermography of the Spinnline in the Melt Spinning Process

Online measurements of the temperature and the diameter of fibers in the melt spinning process of thermoplastics are discussed. The temperature and the diameter of fibers can be applied in many fields such as fiber formation modelling, cooling rate behavior (Nusselt number), and rheological investigations (apparent extensional viscosity) of polymers. The online measurements along the spinline were carried out with an infrared camera during the melt spinning process. Two different experiments were designed and carried out to find the correction factor, i.e., the emissivity. The results show that the emissivity correction factor depends on the polymer type and the fiber diameter. Usually the diameter of the fibers is measured by an instrument or by direct velocity measurements invoking the continuity equation. In this new approach the diameter is found directly by the evaluation of the measured temperature. Therefore only one apparatus, namely an infrared camera taking snapshots, is required to find the fiber diameter. The key of this method can be seen in the temperature difference between the fiber and the environment. A mathematical procedure was developed to estimate the diameter of the fiber from the distribution curve. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Adv Polym Techn 23: 176-185, 2004; Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/adv.20008

Source
Advances in Polymer Technology 23

Pages
176-185

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adv.20008 

Published
December 2004
 
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