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Socher, R. ; Krause, B. ; Boldt, R. ; Pötschke, P. ; Hermasch, S. ; Wursche, R.
Melt mixed nanocomposites of PA12 with MWNT: Influence of MWNT and matrix properties on macrodispersion and electrical properties

Nanocomposites containing four different polyamide 12 (PA12) and three multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were prepared via small scale melt processing to study the effect of different MWNTs and the influence of polymer properties on the dispersion of the fillers and the electrical properties of the composites. Under the selected mixing conditions the lowest electrical percolation threshold of 0.7 wt% was found for NanocylTM NC7000 in low viscous PA12. Moreover, big influences of the end group functionality (acid or amine excess) and the melt viscosity of the matrix were found. Composites of PA12 with acid excess showed lower percolation thresholds than those based on amino-terminated materials. At constant end group ratio low viscous matrices resulted in lower percolation thresholds than high viscous materials. The best MWNT dispersion was obtained in both high viscous PA12 composites. In these systems the mixing speed was varied indicating an optimum concerning electrical conductivity at 150 rpm as compared to 50 and 250 rpm.

Quelle
Composites Science and Technology 71

Seiten
306-314

DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2010.11.015

Erschienen am
December 2010
 
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