Authors Vogel, R. ; Hatzikiriakos, S.G. ; Brünig, H. ; Tändler, B. ; Golzar, M.
Title Improved Spinnability of Metallocene Polyethylenes by Using Processing Aids
Date 22.07.2003
Number 10844
Abstract Melt spinning is a polymer processing technique that is strongly influenced by the extensional flow behaviour of polymer melts. Therefore only a few polymeric materials are usable for this kind of processing with sufficient take-up speeds. When approaching critical conditions of deformation most polymers show either fibre break in the molten state either by a brittle cohesive rupture or a ductile failure. During the melt spinning of pure and modified metallocene poylethylenes additional flow instabilities occur within the spinning die. Namely, wall slip, 'sharkskin' and pressure oscillations (gross fracture) may be obtained dependending on the volume flow rate. Pressure oscillations lead to diameter oscillations of the melt extrudate, which create local increase of tensile stress in the spin line. This effect immediately causes fiber break in the spinline.<br />Therefore, melt spinning of polyethylenes was only possible up to a critical molecular weight or its relating melt viscosity. The limitation of the molecular weight restricts the mechanical properties of the melt spun fibres. This paper reports on an attempt to find out appropriate processing aids for suppressing 'sharkskin' effects and pressure oscillations in an attempt to overcome the limitation of a critical molecular weight. At first, the critical conditions for the onset of flow instabilities for higher molecular weight polymers were analysed. Further experiments concerned with the use of processing aids for melt spinning of metallocene polyethylenes of higher molecular weights. A combination of boron nitride powder and a fluoroelastomer was found to be an effective processing aid for this process.
Publisher International Polymer Processing
Citation International Polymer Processing 18 (2003) 67-73

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