Authors John, B. ; Varughese, K.T. ; Oommen, Z. ; Pötschke, P. ; Thomas, S.
Title Dynamic Mechanical Behavior of High-Density Polyethylene/Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Copolymer Blends: Effect of the Blend Ratio, Reactive Compatibilization, and Dynamic Vulcanization
Date 13.01.2003
Number 9332
Abstract The effects of the blend ratio, reactive compatibilization, and dynamic vulcanization on the dynamic mechanical properties of high-density polyethylene (HDPE)/ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) blends have been analyzed at different temperatures. The storage modulus of the blend decreases with an increase in the EVA content. The loss factor curve shows two peaks, corresponding to the transitions of HDPE and EVA, indicating the incompatibility of the blend system. Attempts have been made to correlate the observed viscoelastic properties of the blends with the blend morphology. Various composite models have been used to predict the dynamic mechanical data. The experimental values are close to those of the Halpin-Tsai model above 50 wt % EVA and close to those of the Coran model up to 50 wt % EVA in the blend. For the Takayanagi model, the theoretical value is in good agreement with the experimental value for a 70/30 HDPE/EVA blend. The area under the loss modulus/temperature curve (LA) has been analyzed with the integration method from the experimental curve and has been compared with that obtained from group contribution analysis. The LA values calculated with group contribution analysis are lower than those calculated with the integration method. The addition of a maleic-modified polyethylene compatibilizer increases the storage modulus, loss modulus, and loss factor values of the system, and this i<br />s due to the finer dispersion of the EVA domains in the HDPE matrix upon compatibilization. For 70/30 and 50/50 blends, the addition of a maleic-modified polyethylene compatibilizer shifts the relaxation temperature of both HDPE and EVA to a lower temperature, and this indicates increased interdiffusion of the two phases at the interface upon compatibilization. However, for a 30/70 HDPE/EVA blend, the addition of a compatibilizer does not change the relaxation temperature, and this may be due to the cocontinuous morphology of the blends. The dynamic vulcanization of the EVA phase with dicumyl peroxide results in an increase in both the storage and loss moduli of the blends. A significant increase in the relaxation temperature of EVA and a broadening of the relaxation peaks occur during dynamic vulcanization, and this indicates the increased interaction between the two phases. &copy; 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 87: 2083-2099, 2003
Publisher Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Citation Journal of Applied Polymer Science 87 (2003) 2083-2099

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