Authors Meier-Haack, J. ; Lenk, W. ; Lehmann, D. ; Lunkwitz, K.
Title Pervaporation separation of water/alcohol mixtures using composite membranes based on polyelectrolyte multilayer assemblies
Date 02.03.2001
Number 9304
Abstract Composite pervaporation membranes composed of an asymmetric polyamide-6 membrane and an ultrathin self-assembled polyelectrolyte separating layer are described. The supporting membrane was prepared from both an unmodified polyamide-6 and a comb-like polymer with carboxyl terminated polyamide-6 side chains. A high end group concentration was found to be advantageous for sufficient adhesion of the multilayer systems on the supports. Up to 20 layers were deposited onto the membrane surface by dipping the membranes in aqueous solutions containing oppositely charged polyelectrolytes. The polyanions used were poly(acrylic acid), poly(styrene sulfonic acid) and alginic acid. The polycations used were poly(diallyldimethylammoniumchloride), chitosan and poly(ethylenimine). Performance of these membranes depends strongly on the layer number and on the type of polyelectrolytes. In general, membranes modified with two weak polyelectrolytes of high charge density gave the best separation properties while those modified with strong polyelectrolytes of low charge density led to poorer separation properties. However, the highest separation factor (&#x2265;10,000) for a water/2-propanol mixture (12/88 w/w) at permeate flux of 300&nbsp;g/m<sup>2</sup>h was obtained with six double layers consisting of poly(ethylenimine) and alginic acid. These composite membranes were stable over an operating period of at least 400&nbsp;h.
Publisher Journal of Membrane Science
Citation Journal of Membrane Science 184 (2001) 233-243

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