Authors Voigt, I. ; Simon, ; Komber, H. ; Spange, St. ; Jacobasch, H.-J.
Title Controlled synthesis of stable poly(vinyl formamide-co-vinyl amine)/silica hybrid particles by interfacial post-cross-linking reactions
Date 13.01.2000
Abstract The chemical synthesis and the physicochemical properties of stable poly(vinyl formamide-co-vinyl amine)/silica hybrid particles are presented. Copolymers of poly(vinyl formamide) (PVFA) and poly(vinyl amine) (PVAm) and their protonated forms were adsorbed onto silica from aqueous solutions. The influences of the pH strength and the ion concentration of the aqueous solution as well as the copolymer composition (degree of hydrolyzation of PVFA), and the molecular mass on the adsorption process were investigated by electrokinetic measurements, potentiometric titration, and quantitative elemental analyses. Silica surface-charge neutralization is achieved at a pH strength above 10 for highly hydrolyzed (95%) PVFA polymers. Decreasing the amino content in the PVAm chain shifts successively both the point of zero charge and the isoelectric point to lower pH values. PVFA-co-PVAm layers onto silica are adsorbed weakly. To fix these layers irreversibly, cross-linking reactions with (4,4'-diisocyanate)diphenyl methane were carried out on the surface of solid PVFA-co-PVAm/silica hybrid particles suspended in acetone. The cross-linking reaction, which is connected with the conversion of amino groups, is also a tool to control the surface charge of the PVFA-co-PVAm/silica hybrids. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and solid-state 13C cross-polarization magic-angle spinning NMR spectroscopy were used to obtain information on the number of and the structure of the functionalized polyelectrolyte layers on silica. The success of cross-linking was also shown by the results of these spectroscopic methods.
Journal Colloid and Polymer Science 278 (2000) 48-56

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