Authors Jatczak-Pawlik, I. ; Gorzkiewicz, M. ; Studzian, M. ; Zinke, R. ; Appelhans, D. ; Klajnert-Maculewicz, B. ; Pulaski, L.
Title Nanoparticles for directed immunomodulation: mannose-functionalized glycodendrimers induce interleukin-8 in myeloid cell lines
Date 14.12.2021
Number 59863
Abstract New therapeutic strategies for personalized medicine need to involve innovative pharmaceutical tools, for example, modular nanoparticles designed for direct immunomodulatory properties. We synthesized mannose-functionalized poly(propyleneimine) glycodendrimers with a novel architecture, where freely accessible mannose moieties are presented on poly(ethylene glycol)-based linkers embedded within an open-shell maltose coating. This design enhanced glycodendrimer bioactivity and led to complex functional effects in myeloid cells, with specific induction of interleukin-8 expression by mannose glycodendrimers detected in HL-60 and THP-1 cells. We concentrated on explaining the molecular mechanism of this phenomenon, which turned out to be different in both investigated cell lines: in HL-60 cells, transcriptional activation via AP-1 binding to the promoter predominated, while in THP-1 cells (which initially expressed less IL-8), induction was mediated mainly by mRNA stabilization. The success of directed immunomodulation, with synthetic design guided by assumptions about mannose-modified dendrimers as exogenous regulators of pro-inflammatory chemokine levels, opens new possibilities for designing bioactive nanoparticles.
Journal Biomacromolecules
Citation Biomacromolecules 22 (2021) 3396-3407

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