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Authors Banerjee, S. S. ; Arief, I. ; Berthold, R. ; Wiese, M. ; Bartholdt, M. ; Ganguli, D. ; Mitra, S. ; Mandal, S. ; Wallaschek, J. ; Raatz, A. ; Heinrich, G. ; Das, A.
Title Super-elastic ultrasoft natural rubber-based piezoresistive sensors for active sensing interface embedded on soft robotic actuator
Date 10.12.2021
Number 59860
Abstract Piezoresistive soft composites are ubiquitous in strain sensing that manifests in a dramatic increment of electrical resistivity upon elongation. A piezoresistive strain sensor embedded-soft robotic arm has been a challenging task in terms of surface compatibility, shape and dynamics of the soft robotic components. We present a super-elastic, ultrasoft natural rubber composite containing multiwalled carbon nanotubes in presence of a hydrofinished oil-based softener. The resulting conducting elastomer offered a line-up of compelling characteristics such as low electrical percolation (<2 vol%), ultra-softness (Shore A harness ~19), elastic modulus in the kPa range (~350 kPa at 100% elongation), ultra-stretchability (~800%) and high tensile strength (~10.5 MPa). In addition, the sensor exhibited low hysteresis (3.5%), high piezoresistive sensitivity (gage factor˜472) and switching response over wide strain range (70%) and stable sensing performance for multiple test cycles (>1000). On account of the excellent responses mentioned, the sensor could detect human motion and has also been demonstrated in this paper. Furthermore, the sensing strip embedded on a soft robotic pneumatic actuator mounted on a test rig showed excellent movement detection response upon actuation. This proof-of-concept sensor-integrated soft robotic interface could be instrumental in the future development of proprioceptive sensing robots and soft robotic segments.
Journal Applied Materials Today
Wikidata
Citation Applied Materials Today 25 (2021) 101219
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/J.APMT.2021.101219

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