Authors Abdoli, I. ; Wittmann, R. ; Brader, J. M. ; Sommer, J.-U. ; Löwen, H. ; Sharma, A.
Title Brownian magneto-gyrator as a tunable microengine
Date 11.10.2021
Number 59772
Abstract A Brownian particle performs gyrating motion around a potential energy minimum when subjected to thermal noises from two different heat baths. Here, we propose a magneto-gyrator made of a single charged Brownian particle that is steered by an external magnetic field. Key properties, such as the direction of gyration, the torque exerted by the engine on the confining potential and the maximum power delivered by the microengine can be tuned by varying the strength and direction of the applied magnetic field. Further tunability is obtained by rotating the potential in the plane perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic filed. We show that in this generic scenario, the microengine can be stalled and even reversed by the magnetic field. Finally, we highlight a property of the magneto-gyrator that has no counterpart in the overdamped approximation--the heat loss from the hot to cold bath requires explicit knowledge of the mass of the particle. Consequently, the efficiency of the microengine is mass-dependent even in the overdamped limit.
Publisher arXiv:2110.05284 [cond-mat.stat-mech]
Citation arXiv:2110.05284 [cond-mat.stat-mech] (2021) 14 Seiten

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