Authors Banerjee, S. S. ; Banerjee, S. ; Wießner, S. ; Janke, A. ; Heinrich, G. ; Das, A.
Title A new route to highly stretchable and soft inorganic-organic hybrid elastomers using polydimethylsiloxane as crosslinker of epoxidized natural rubber
Date 01.11.2021
Number 59690
Abstract Sulfur or peroxide crosslinking is the most common and conventional method to develop elastomeric materials. A new approach to crosslink epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) by aminopropyl terminated polydimethylsiloxane (AT-PDMS) is described, intending to develop a new kind of hybrid organic–inorganic elastomers. The curing reaction is accelerated by using hydroquinone as a catalyst. The formation of the hybrid structure is evident from the appearance of two glass transition temperatures, at -1 and -120 °C, for the ENR and PDMS phases, respectively. The curing reaction is found to be of first order with respect to amine concentration with the estimated activation energy of ˜62 kJ mol-1. Comparing the mechanical properties to a typical ENR-sulfur system leads to the conclusion that the ENR/AT-PDMS hybrid structure is highly stretchable and soft, as demonstrated by its relatively higher strain at failure (up to ˜630%), and lower hardness and modulus values. The higher stretchability and soft nature of the material are achieved by introducing flexible PDMS chains during the curing process resulting to a hybrid elastomer networks. This kind of soft but robust materials can find several applications in diverse fields, such as soft robotics, flexible, and stretchable electronics.
Publisher Macromolecular Materials and Engineering
Wikidata Q112168885
Citation Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 306 (2021) 2100380

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