Authors Weißpflog, J. ; Vehlow, D. ; Müller, M. ; Kohn, B. ; Scheler, U. ; Boye, S. ; Schwarz, S.
Title Characterization of chitosan with different degree of deacetylation and equal viscosity in dissolved and solid state - Insights by various complimentary methods
Date 28.02.2021
Number 59201
Abstract In recent years, chitosan has attracted considerable interest in many fields due to its sufficient charge density under biological, non-hazardous conditions. Since chitosan originates from natural resources and has two different monomer units, its characterization must be carried out in a goal-oriented and precise manner. This work focuses on the characterization of chitosans most important parameters – solubility, crystallinity, degree of deacetylation (DD) and molecular weight – in a simple and convenient way. The DD was determined using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (NMR), Particle Charge Detection (PCD), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), CHN elemental analysis (CHN-EA) and conductometric/potentiometric titration with special attention to its physical state as solid or liquid. Investigation of DD by FTIR was successfully determined by calculating peak heights, peak areas and peak deconvolution from a linear combination of Gaussian and Lorentzian functions. Asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation with light scattering detection (AF4-LS) was applied in order to calculate molar masses and radii. In addition, pH-potentiometric titrations demonstrated a reproducible displacement of the point of zero charge (PZC) in form of a hysteresis depending on the titration direction. The DD affects the crystallinity, which was determined by deconvolution of the crystalline and amorphous domains.
Journal International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Citation International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 171 (2021) 242-261

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