Authors Ciepluch, K. ; Maciejewski, H. ; Galczynska, K. ; Kuc-Ciepluch, D. ; Bryszewska, M. ; Appelhans, D. ; Drulis-Kawa, Z. ; Arabski, M.
Title The influence of cationic dendrimers on antibacterial activity of phage endolysin against P. aeruginosa cells
Date 22.08.2019
Number 57037
Abstract Nowadays, the researchers make a big effort to find new alternatives to overcome bacterial drug resistance. One option is the application of bacteriophage endolysins enable to degrade peptidoglycan (PG) what in consequence leads to bacterial cell lysis. In this study we examine phage KP27 endolysin mixed with poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers to evaluate an antimicrobial effect against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Polycationic compounds destabilize bacterial outer membrane (OM) helping endolysins to gain access to PG. We found out that not only bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the main hindrance for highly charged cationic dendrimers to disrupt OM and make endolysin reaching the target but also the dendrimer surface modification. The reduction of a positive charge and concentration in maltose poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers significantly increased an antibacterial effect of endolysin. The application of recombinant lysins against Gram-negative bacteria is one of the future therapy options, thus OM permeabilizers such as cationic dendrimers may be of high interest to be combined with PG-degrading enzymes.
Publisher Bioorganic Chemistry
Citation Bioorganic Chemistry 91 (2019) 103121

Back to list