Authors Ivanoska-Dacikj, A. ; Bogoeva-Gaceva, G. ; Valic, S. ; Wießner, S. ; Heinrich, G.
Title Benefits of hybrid nano-filler networking between organically modified montmorillonite and carbon nanotubes in natural rubber: Experiments and theoretical interpretations
Date 01.02.2017
Number 52438
Abstract In this paper some new aspects to the hybrid nano-filler networking in elastomer matrix under dynamic mechanical loading conditions and some new methods to reveal a hybrid nano-filler synergy are applied and discussed. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) present in the natural rubber (NR) based nanocomposites were investigated and the dependence of the double integral of resonance spectra on the amount of expanded organically modified montmorillonite (EOMt) present in the NR was established. Its decrease with an increasing amount of EOMt confirmed the synergy between these two nano-fillers. DMA temperature sweep measurements were performed and the cluster-cluster aggregation (CCA) model was used to assess the apparent filler networking energy. The obtained results suggest that the presence of the EOMt above a critical amount strengthens the hybrid-filler networking. In order to investigate how different ratios of these two nano-fillers influence the strain dependency of the storage modulus, strain sweep measurements were performed in tensile mode, and the CCA-model was used to describe the Payne effect.
Publisher Applied Clay Science
Citation Applied Clay Science 136 (2017) 192-198
Tags carbon nanotubes organo-montmorillonite rubber nanocomposites filler networking

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