Authors Suckow, M. ; Roy, M. ; Sahre, K. ; Häußler, L. ; Singha, N. K. ; Voit, B. ; Böhme, F.
Title Synthesis of polymeric ionic liquids unidirectional chain topology by AB step growth polymerization
Date 07.02.2017
Number 51761
Abstract Poly(ionic liquid)s with alkyl imidazolium moieties in the main chain were synthesized by step growth addition polymerization of the AB monomers 1-(4-chlorobutyl)-1H-imidazole, 1-(6-chlorohexyl)-1H-imidazole, and 1-(6-bromohexyl)-1H-imidazole in the melt. The molar masses of the polymers were controlled by adding 1-butyl-1H-imidazole as monofunctional chain stopper. The bromine containing monomer polymerized spontaneously at room temperature whereas the chlorine containing monomers were sufficiently stable up to 40 °C. This could be evidenced by DSC measurements which showed a broad exothermal peak above 40 °C caused by the polymerization. MALDI-TOF investigations proved that dissociation of the alkyl imidazolium groups which might disturb the expected directional chain topology (AB-AB-AB…) did not occur. This is an important precondition for the intended cross-linking free grafting reactions of the AB monomers on halide containing polymers without any danger of gelation. Additionally, the results of the MALDI-TOF investigations indicated partial complexation of the polymer with the matrix and structural rearrangements during the measurements which converted the ionic imidazolium moieties into neutral moieties. The thermal behavior of the poly(ionic liquid)s has proved to be dependent on the length of the alkyl linking group between the imidazolium moieties and the type of counter ion.
Journal Polymer
Citation Polymer 111 (2017) 123-129

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