Authors Wronska, N. ; Felczak, A. ; Zawadzka, K. ; Poszepczynska, M. ; Rózalska, S. ; Bryszewska, M. ; Appelhans, D. ; Lisowska, K.
Title Poly(propylene imine) dendrimers and amoxicillin as dual-action antibacterial agents
Date 02.11.2015
Number 47741
Abstract Besides acting as antimicrobial compounds, dendrimers can be considered as agents that improve the therapeutic effectiveness of existing antibiotics. In this work we present a new approach to using amoxicillin (AMX) against reference strains of common Gram-negative pathogens, alone and in combination with poly(propylene imine) (PPI) dendrimers, or derivatives thereof, in which 100% of the available hydrogen atoms are substituted with maltose (PPI 100%malG3). The concentrations of dendrimers used remained in the range non-toxic to eukaryotic cells. The results indicate that PPI dendrimers significantly enhance the antibacterial effect of amoxicillin alone, allowing antibiotic doses to be reduced. It is important to reduce doses of amoxicillin because its widespread use in medicine could lead to the development of bacterial resistance and environmental pollution. This is the first report on the combined antibacterial activity of PPI surface-modified maltose dendrimers and amoxicillin.
Publisher Molecules
Citation Molecules 20 (2015) 19330-19342
Tags poly(propylene imine) dendrimers antibacterial activity amoxicillin

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