Authors Chen, J. ; Wang, J. ; Qi, P. ; Li, X. ; Ma, B. ; Chen, Z. ; Li, Q. ; Zhao, Y. ; Xiong, K. ; Maitz, M.F. ; Huang, N.
Title Biocompatibility studies of poly(ethylene glycol)-modified titanium for cardiovascular devices
Date 01.11.2012
Number 37543
Abstract The rapid protein adsorption on a material surface causes blood coagulation, platelet activation, and complement system activation, which poses a risk for failure of cardiovascular devices. In this study, a chemically hydroxylated titanium surface was aminosilanized and covalently grafted with poly(ethylene glycol). The reaction conditions on the grafted quantity were studied by the respective amine and carboxyl densities. The blood compatibility of the PEGylated surfaces with different poly(ethylene glycol) densities and chain lengths was evaluated; the PEGylated surfaces with higher grafted density and longer chain length had less fibrinogen adsorption, less fibrinogen gamma-chain exposed, less adherent platelets, and lower activation of the adherent platelets. In addition to the influence on blood, the longer chain PEGylated surfaces resisted, not only smooth muscle cell attachment and proliferation, but also macrophage attachment and death. This method is a good candidate for improving cardiovascular implant surfaces.
Publisher Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers
Citation Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers 27 (2012) 565-584

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