Authors Roth, J. ; Albrecht, V. ; Nitschke, M. ; Bellmann, C. ; Simon, F. ; Zschoche, St. ; Michel, S. ; Luhmann, C. ; Grundke, K. ; Voit, B.
Title Surface functionalization of silicone rubber for permanent adhesion improvement
Date 04.11.2008
Number 16605
Abstract The surface properties of poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) layers screen printed onto silicon wafers were studied after oxygen and ammonia plasma treatments and subsequent grafting of poly(ethylene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PEMA) using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), roughness analysis, and contact angle and electrokinetic measurements. In the case of oxygen-plasma-treated PDMS, a hydrophilic, brittle, silica-like surface layer containing reactive silanol groups was obtained. These surfaces indicate a strong tendency for “hydrophobic recovery” due to the surface segregation of low-molecular-weight PDMS species. The ammonia plasma treatment of PDMS resulted in the generation of amino-functional surface groups and the formation of a weak boundary layer that could be washed off by polar liquids. To avoid the loss of the plasma modification effect and to achieve stabilization of the mechanically instable, functionalized PDMS top layer, PEMA was subsequently grafted directly or after using ?-APS as a coupling agent on the plasma-activated PDMS surfaces. In this way, long-time stable surface functionalization of PDMS was obtained. The reactivity of the PEMA-coated PDMS surface caused by the availability of anhydride groups could be controlled by the number of amino functional surface groups of the PDMS surface necessary for the covalent binding of PEMA. The higher the number of amino functional surface groups available for the grafting-to procedure, the lower the hydrophilicity and hence the lower the reactivity of the PEMA-coated PDMS surface. Additionally, pull-off tests were applied to estimate the effect of surface modification on the adhesion between the silicone rubber and an epoxy resin.
Publisher Langmuir
Citation Langmuir 24 (2008) 12603-12611
Tags plasma-treated polydimethylsiloxane hydrophobic recovery neutron reflectometry elastomeric polymer poly(dimethylsiloxane) discharges exposure films

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