Authors Schwarz, S. ; Dragan, S.
Title Nonstoichiometric Interpolyelectrolyte Complexes as Colloidal Dispersions Based on NaPAMPS and Their Interaction with Colloidal Silica Particles
Date 14.05.2004
Number 12088
Abstract Preparation and characterization of some nonstoichiometric interpolyelectrolyte complexes (NIPECs) as stable colloidal dispersions by the interaction between poly(sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonate) (NaPAMPS) and three strong polycations bearing quaternary ammonium salt centres in the backbone, poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and two polycations containing N,N-dimethyl-2-hydroxypropyleneammonium chloride units (PCA<SUB>5</SUB> and PCA<SUB>5</SUB>D<SUB>1</SUB>), have been followed in this study as a function of the polycation structure and polyelectrolyte concentration. Complex characteristics were followed by polyelectrolyte titration, turbidity and quasi-ellastic light scattering. Almost monodisperse NIPECs nanoparticles with a good storage stability were prepared when total concentration of polyelectrolyte was varied in the range 0.85-6.35 mmol/L, at a ratio between charges (n<SUP>-</SUP>/n<SUP>+</SUP>) of 0.7. NIPECs as a new kind of flocculants were used to flocculate a stable monodisperse silica suspension. The main advantage of NIPECs as flocculants is the broad flocculation window, which is a very important aspect for industrial applications.
Publisher Macromolecular Symposia
Citation Macromolecular Symposia 210 (2004) 185-192

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